The 46-year-old Trevidic, member of a special unit of the French judiciary devoted to fighting terrorism, spoke at length about the changes in the global fight against Islamic radicals following thedeath of Osama bin Laden, 10 years after the Sept. 11 attacks in the United States.

Over the last decade, the Iraq war "shuffled the cards" in the global fight against terrorism, he said, by luring dozens of youths from France — home to western Europe's largest Muslim population — to fight U.S. forces.

The global crackdown against terrorism in Europe and elsewhere has largely driven Islamic militants underground: recruiting of young fighters in mosques and open-air training camps are largely a thing of the past, he said.

The newer phenomenon is "self-radicalization" online, with Internet-savvy Islamist youths watching videos and reading inflammatory texts that are a virtual-world call to arms.

"Today, there is not a single case where group members weren't recruited on the Internet," Trevidic said in the interview at the Paris AP office, with two bodyguards in tow.

He said American officials, too, are "starting to discover this danger from within."

"They've always reasoned in the United States that 'you just have to monitor the movements, the airplane passengers, and make them strip their clothes off and everything will be fine.' Well, no," Trevidic said.

With NATO forces conducting air raids, bombing strikes and surveillance missions over Afghanistan andPakistan, that region is no longer the training ground it once was for al-Qaida and its Taliban allies, he said.

Instead, the potential al-Qaida operational bases to watch today are the Somalia-Yemen area around the Gulf of Aden, where Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula has operated, and AQIM's zone.

"There's always the possibility of a bombing ... but something really organized, like on the scale of a Sept. 11, is a bit exaggerated," Trevidic said. "The entire stakes are making sure that no group becomes powerful enough, because afterward, they in fact can do what they want."

"That's the lesson of Sept. 11, 2001, let's be clear: To have allowed training camps in the light of day, to have let this Taliban-al-Qadia alliance do what it wanted, gave them the possibility to organize a massive attack."

Trevidic reserved judgment about what the "Arab Spring" — with autocratic regimes toppled in Tunisia and Egypt and those of Libya, Syria and elsewhere under pressure — would mean for the future of counterterrorism.

Trevidic also said it's too early to judge the long-term impact of France's ban on face-covering Islamic veils, which was enacted in the spring and has drawn fury in some militant Islamic circles.

According to the SITE Intelligence Group, amateur video posted online that showed the arrest of a woman who refused to remove her niqab drew chatter among jihadists — with one Internet forum user calling on AQIM to "take action."

The regional government office confirmed Friday that the woman was stopped by police Sunday in Aulnay-Sous-Bois, north of Paris. The video showed her yelling at officers about her rights, then being driven away in a police vehicle.

She has been fined and charged with resisting arrest, and the case is now in the hands of a judge, the government office said.,0,3046029.story